WHAT IS IT?
Rosacea is a skin condition that causes redness and/or raised, red bumps generally confined to the face. Rosacea is a long-term condition that can get worse over time. Rosacea happens most often in adults ages 30 to 60.
Rosacea affects the cheeks, nose, chin, forehead, or eyelids. Symptoms include:
- Raised, red bumps (sometimes look like acne)
- blood vessels on the skin (called “telangiectasias”)
- A burning or gritty feeling in the eyes
- A red, swollen, and rounded nose
Sometimes, people have triggers which make symptoms worsen. Examples:
- Eating hot or spicy foods, or drinking hot drinks
- Drinking alcohol
- Being too hot or cold
- Stress and other strong emotions
Step 1- Identify if any triggers & avoid
Lifestyle changes –
- Avoid the common triggers listed above and any other triggers that you know worsen your symptoms
- Use mild, unscented face cleansers to wash your face
- Wear sunscreen every day
- Avoid using products on your face with alcohol, acid, or other ingredients that could bother your skin
Depending on your type of rosacea, your provider will work with you to prescribe the appropriate medications. These may include: – topical antibiotics, oral antibiotics, & laser treatments.
Subtype 1- Facial Redness (Erythematotelangietatic Rosacea)
- Flushing and persistent redness. Visible blood vessels may be present
- important to identify and avoid lifestyle factors that trigger flushing/irritate skin
Subtype 2- Bumps and Pimples (Papulopustular Rosacea)
- Persistent facial redness with acne like bumps/pimples.
- Topical/oral antibiotics work well for this type
Subtype 3- Skin Thickening (Phymatous Rosacea)
- Skin thickening and enlargement, usually around nose
- Oral antibiotics-severe therapy may need surgery
Subtype 4- Eye Irritation (Ocular Rosacea)
- Water/bloodshot eyes, foreign body sensation, burning, stinging, dryness, itching
- Artificial tears, oral antibiotics, eye specialist